Trialen

Trialen was an explosive 22 developed in Germany.[1] It was used during World War II in the V-1 flying bomb[2] and Arado E.377 glide bomb,[3] among other weapons, as an enhanced blast explosive. Trialen was the German equivalent of the British explosive Torpex, though its production was hindered by a shortage of the aluminium powder that was added to increase its explosive power.[4]

It comprised a mixture of TNT, RDX and aluminium powder in varying proportions for each of three versions, known as Trialen (or Filler) 105, 106 and 107 respectively. The proportions for each version were:

  • Trialen 105: TNT 70%, RDX 15%, Al 15%
  • Trialen 106: TNT 50%, RDX 25%, Al 25%
  • Trialen 107: TNT 50%, RDX 20%, Al 30%[1][i]
  • Trialen 105/109: a mixture of 27% Trialen 105 and 73% PMF 109.[5] PMF 109 (Panzermunitionsfüllung 109) was a mixture consisting of 71% cyclonite, 25% aluminium powder and 4% montan wax. Though highly brisant and thermobaric, this mixture was infusible and quite impact sensitive, hence ill-suited for filling large caliber munitions. These drawbacks were overcome by the so-called Stuckfüllung, or "biscuit filling", method: the pulverulent PMF 109 mixture was compressed into small cylindrical, tablet-like pellets and these were poured into the munition body, the space between them being filled with molten fusible Trialen 105; this method allowed the German munition factories to produce large, quasi homogeneous fillings containing a high proportion of cyclonite and hence high energy output and brisance by a simple variant of the melt casting process, while simultaneously conserving the trotyl needed to do so.

References

  1. ^ Fleischer gives this as 60% TNT, 20% aluminium.[5]
  1. ^ a b Fedoroff, Basil Timothy (1960). Encyclopedia of Explosives and Related Items. Picatinny Arsenal. p. 117.
  2. ^ Zaloga, Steven J. (2011). V-1 Flying Bomb 1942–52. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 33. ISBN 978-1-84908-954-8.
  3. ^ Herwig, Dieter; Rode, Heinz (2000). Luftwaffe Secret Projects: Strategic Bombers 1935-1945. Midland Pub. p. 140. ISBN 978-1-85780-092-0.
  4. ^ Henshall, Philip (2002). Hitler's V-Weapon Sites. Sutton. p. 21. ISBN 978-0-7509-2607-2.
  5. ^ a b Fleischer, Wolfgang (2004) [2003]. German Air-dropped Weapons to 1945. p. 236. ISBN 1-85780-174-1.